18, 19th century entered a period of relative stability and peace in Europe, with France 15 Louis ascended the throne, slender became fussy Rococo fashion, and infiltrate jewellery design. Rococo ornaments of asymmetrical patterns and bright colours, diamond color, does not fully meet the design needs, so extensive use of colored gemstones and enamel glaze, show jewelry, beautiful color.
Complete set of jewelry during this period are still fashion, Riviere necklace is very popular in the 18th century, the last 25 years. Victoria Museum in London a very elaborate set of necklace and earrings are typical instances of Riviere style: necklace made up of 12 huge Emerald, Emerald set with a loop around each set in pavé on the base of the small diamonds, each unit on the claw at the base with inlaid cross chain consisting of 5 small diamond ring. Is a pair of earrings to go with this necklace, medium size emeralds surrounded by a circle of small diamonds, hang below a Pearl-drop earrings of the same structure, this is the classical simplicity of form, description of jewelry design from the Rococo in the first decade of glitz and boring.
In order to cater to the increasing prevalence of social activities, designed for day and night wear for the first time of the jewelry. Diamonds and other precious stones are widely used at night wearing delicate jewelry and wearing jewelry during the day a selection of some of the less expensive materials, short-chain is representative of this type of jewelry. Is usually connected with a short chain or pieces of decorated plaques, and clip on your belt, suspended below a piece of wall charts, hardly used diamonds, arc gemstone once again play the role of jewelry to add color, precious and base metals are produced short material.
In the 18th century after the short chain is no longer only connected wall charts, it is also a small box together, these small boxes are usually fitted with needles, scissors, pencil-boxes and other small items.
The end of 17th century, button-shaped decorations by some apologists for speaking out against public morality, but 40 years later, button-shaped ornaments of style and materials become the identity of social class and status. An aristocrat with a small silver pavé diamond buckle-shaped ornaments at estate of the upper middle class will on Sunday with a Silver buckle ornament, usually with gold; wearing funky dudes with polished steel buckle-shaped decorations.
Decades buckle-shaped ornaments made of various materials demand continues unabated, but in 1790, with the changes of fashion style, button-shaped ornaments waned, to the end of the 18th century, buckle-shaped decorations finally bowed out of the jewelry scene.
The first 80 years of the 18th century, ring of this type of jewelry is used by men and women. Most popular design is inlaid with a goose egg ring-faceted gemstones, surrounded around small polygonal-shaped diamond ring, set in ring Center stone varieties has changed a lot. Diamonds, of course, is always a favorite, to around 1760, colored gemstones, especially Sapphire fashion, but due to the influence of the Rococo, jewel-encrusted base of ring and ring ring decorated with foliage decoration, scrollwork or fine openwork, so beautiful.
New customers and new materials
For centuries, nobility is the only employer Jewelry artists, but in the middle of the 18th century, entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs have emerged, they still could not use diamond and jewelry made of precious metals, gem started mass production.
In 1676, in London, invented the method of manufacturing glass mixtures of man-made gems, this glass mixture are used instead of diamonds, in addition to iron ore and after a facet out of the Crystal fragment was also used as a diamond substitute.
From 1800 to 1820, one made of 17% of 83% of zinc and copper gold copper came out, it proved to be highly qualified substitutes for gold.
Berlin iron jewelry
Earliest iron jewelry was made of thin wire weave geometric pattern, and then coated with a black enamel wire braided chains of different sizes to fine cast iron metal embossed round carving Board (sometimes with a gold edge) connection into a necklace or a bracelet.
After 1815, realism and naturalism of the theme again, flowers, plants and butterflies are the main iron jewelry designs, Gothic themes in metal jewelry is also very common.
United Kingdom of mourning jewelry
In 1837, Princess Victoria came to the throne. In 1861, the husband's death plunged her into deep sorrow, from the Queen's dresses are mostly black, black clothes, black jewelry, and even decreed in the period of national mourning, only wear black accessories.
Many kinds of mourning jewelry-making materials, as long as it is black can be, for example: black amber, enamel, Onyx, France Berlin, black glass, cast iron, or even a lock of hair of the dead, one of the best and most popular material is black amber, also known as black marble.